Understanding How Atoms Move in Materials
Wednesday, March 22, 1-2 p.m.
The Dr. and Mrs. Satti Paddi and Parvati Reddy Research Lecture
With Dr. Normand Mousseau
Université de Montréal
Understanding processes underlying the evolution of materials (aging, defect formation, chemical reactions, and catalysis) requires a precise description of atomic interactions in complex environments and on time scales that exceed, sometimes by a lot, the nanosecond.
Faced with these challenges, modellers have long been forced to choose between precision, with heavy quantum computations, and time scale, with much lighter empirical potentials, but that are unable to truly describe the complexity of chemical environments. Even with these more than approximate potentials, traditional simulation methods, such as molecular dynamics, do not allow us to exceed the microsecond, considerably limiting the relevance of models to understand experimental phenomena. A more efficient coupling of accelerated dynamics approaches, such as kinetic ART, an off-grid kinetic Monte Carlo algorithm, with ab initio approaches and potentials developed by machine learning, gives hope that it will soon be possible to remove many of these barriers. In this seminar, Dr. Mousseau will present an overview of the recent developments he is currently pursuing around these methods.
Dr. Mousseau, is a professor of physics at Université de Montréal and scientific director of the Institut de l’énergie Trottier at Polytechnique Montréal. Working in the fields of complex materials and biophysics, he has been closely monitoring issues relating to energy and natural resources for more than a decade. He has co-chaired the Commission on Energy Issues in Quebec, is a founding board member of the Canadian Institute for Climate Choice and co-led the Energy Modeling Initiative.
Presented by Department of Physics and Physical Oceanography